Innovative wonders in the field of medicine of the 21st century
The modern world does not stand still. Every year, equipment and production methods are improved, new technologies appear that help make life easier for people. This equipment, methods and technology is called innovation.
So what is innovation? Innovation – an innovation in the field of engineering, technology, labor organization and other areas, based on the experience transmitted by other generations and the achievements of science. Innovations can improve product quality, and they also improve the productivity of the labor system. The study, analysis and management of innovative technologies is engaged in a science called innovation.
To develop new technologies requires a human resource, it is he who provides the basis for further development. Therefore, people pay great attention to such a field of human activity as medicine.
21st century is the century of many discoveries in the field of medicine, which literally 10-20 years ago were written only in science fiction novels, and today these inventions save the lives of thousands of people. So what are these inventions, how were they created and what are they for?
In the early 2000s, AbioCor scientists created an artificial heart, thanks to which people with heart failure prolonged their life by 2 years. The tests took place in July 2001. The heart was transplanted by 14 patients. The uniqueness of this technology lies in the fact that the heart does not need additional tubes or wiring that are brought out and connected to the device, as it was before. This means that a person does not need to be bedridden, and he could lead a normal lifestyle, like everyone else. Currently, this technology is widely used in medicine, and doctors call an artificial heart one of the wonders of innovation.
The liver is a filter of the whole organism. For a day, it filters our blood 400 times, passing through itself all the harmful substances. A person can live without some organs, but without a liver he will die. Currently, a large number of people suffer from a disease such as liver failure. With this disease, the functions of the organ are violated, which in the last stage entail death. Thanks to the Japanese scientist Kenneth Matsumura, patients can be saved in the most advanced case. In the early 2000s, the scientist designed a device that uses liver cells from animals. Moreover, the operation did not do any harm to the viability of rabbits from which cells were taken. The invention is called bio-artificial liver. It consists of animal liver cells and metal wires that support the vital activity of biological material. In 2001, this innovation was recognized as the invention of the year. She allowed me to look very differently at this area of medicine. Currently, this device is improved and widely used in operations on the liver.
In 2007, David Glow created the i-LIMB bionic arm, which became the world’s first artificial limb. It consists of five individual fingers. The hand was designed for soldiers who lost their limbs on the battlefield, and people who suffered from disasters. Thanks to the device, people can take objects of various shapes, such as cups of different sizes and shapes. The limb is controlled by electrical signals that are placed on the skin of a person. The hand itself consists of several parts: palm, 4 fingers and thumb. Each part has a separate control system. In the world of innovative technologies, this invention made a great impression; it was recognized as the most important innovation of 2008. Moreover, the company is currently developing models that cannot be distinguished from a real hand. The latest version of the i-LIMD arm was released in 2010.
Computerization has affected all areas of medicine, but it has found greater application in surgery. Doctors have been using robotic hands for a long time, but in the early 2000s a robot appeared that independently performed operations. The operation is aimed at eliminating the epileptogenic focus, which is located in the temporal lobe of the brain. Duke University students designed the robot and conducted the first tests in 2001. The experiments were carried out on the bodies of dead turkeys, whose skin is similar to human. The success of operations was 93 percent. It is in the structure of this robot that modern robots have been created that are widely used during surgery operations.
In 2010, California-based Berkeley Bionics introduced the latest version of the eLEGS exoskeleton, designed for people with paralyzed lower limbs. It is easy to use, patients can wear it not only in the hospital, but also at home. The device allows you to stand, walk and even climb the stairs. The invention is easy to use, when an exoskeleton is attached to a person, the computer uses built-in sensors for monitoring gestures. Based on them, the user’s intentions are built.